Dr. Vijayan Gurumurthy Iyer
Dr. Vijayan Gurumurthy Iyer
Faculty -Climate Change,
BIPARD, Gaya, Bihar, India

The petrochemical resource conservation and recovery (RCR) method has been devised prior to environmental impact assessment (EIA) process. Strategic environmental assessment (SEA) process can be broadly defined as a study of the impacts of a proposed project, plan, project, policy or legislative action on the environment and sustainability. Vijayan Gurumurthy Iyer (2022) mentioned that  the root cause problem solution for ozone layer depletion potential   (OLP) impact, global warming potential (GWP) impact  and green house synergic (augmentative)  gas (GHG) emission  impact in context to petrochemical industrial plants are measured, monitored and mitigated by international environmental impact assessment process (Figure-3) for the sustainable environmental climate change and control. In this research, SEA process has been aimed in order to incorporate environmental and sustainability factors in to petrochemical project planning and decision making PCPPDM  process such as project formulation and appraisal of Indo-Matsushita midget electrode (battery carbon rod) plant in 1979 at Tada, petrochemical processing that included policies, programs, plans and legislative actions. Sustainable petrochemical development is a kind of development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability and efficacy of future generations to meet their own needs. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process can be defined as the systematic study and check of the potential impacts (effects) of proposed projects, plans, programs, policies or legislative actions relative to the physical-chemical, petro-chemical , biological, cultural, and socioeconomic components of the total environment. The primary purpose of the EIA process is to encourage the consideration of the environment in petrochemical organizational project planning and decision making   process and to arrive at actions that are environmentally compatible. PCPPDM process should include the integrated consideration of technical or engineering, economic, environmental, safety, and health, social and sustainability factors to achieve business excellence.  Prior to the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) process in 1970 in the USA, technical and economic factors dominance the World’s petrochemical projects.  The objective of the study is to conceptualize SEA process for the climate change and pollution control in petrochemical sector based on fifteen number of sustainable detailed project reports (DPRs) submitted by the extension learners of Diploma in Entrepreneurship and Business Management (DEBM) course conducted by the Entrepreneurship Development Institute of India (The EDI of India) during the research year (RY) 1999 to 2022 under the author’s counsellorship and BIPARD training and research course module on climate change and control. The design of the study is cross sectional.  Environmental Health Impact Assessment (EHIA) process has been conducted for petrochemical, mining and nuclear power plant to consider the environmental quality, safety and health impacts to mitigate psychological health effects on workers and nearby residents. Social Impact Assessment (SIA) process can be defined as the systematic identification and evaluation of the potential social impacts (effects) of proposed projects, plans, programs, or legislative actions such that social consideration is encouraged in PCPPDM process and to arrive at actions that are socially compatible with reference to a sustainable sanitation project. SEA process concerns to environment and sustainability effects in PCPPDM   process and arrive at proposed projects, plans, programs, and legislative actions that are compatible with respect to environment and sustainability issues. International EIA process required multi-disciplinary approach that has been conducted very early stage of Japanese Matsushita carbon rod project in 1982 for strategic environmental assessment. The paper highlights SEA process conducted for certain projects that based on operation and process approach and associated studies for sustainable development. Petrochemical and civil engineering product environmental lifecycle analysis (LCA) has been conducted for identifying and measuring the impact of petrochemical and corroded engineering structural  products on the environment and sustain efficacy by means of mass and energy balance methods in M/S Madras Fertilizers Limited , Manali, Chennai, India.  LCA considers the activities related to raw materials, transformation, ancillary materials, equipment, method, market, man power, production, use, disposal and ancillary equipment.As far as petrochemical safety is concerned personal protective equipments and materials (PPEMs) that include garments, clothing, gloves, safety shoes, hard hats, safety glasses, shields, respirators, full aprons, safety belts, and other safety items which have to be used by an individual. Such equipment is important for personal protection and for safety. It is the manager’s and supervisor’s responsibility to ensure that they are used. The enactment of worker’s compensation law and occupational disease law shall increase materially the cost of insurance to industry. The increased cost and the certainty with which it is applied will put a premium on accident-prevention work. This cost can be materially reduced by the installation of safety devices. Petrochemical management research experience has shown that approximately 80% of all the petrochemical industrial accidents are preventable.EIA and EHIA processes have been conducted for a nuclear power plant to consider the safety and health impacts tomitigate psychological health loadings on workers and nearby residents. SEA system is a potentially useful element of good environmental management and sustainable development; however, as currently practiced in petrochemical industries, it is far from perfection.  Emphasis should be given in petrochemical industries on maintaining economic viability of the operation, while in turn taking care to preserve the ecological and social sustainabilities of the country.  International EIA process required multi-disciplinary approach that has been conducted very early stage of Indo-Matsushita Midget electrode project 1982 at Tada for technical, economic, ecological and social sustainablities.

KEY WORDS: conservation, resource, recovery, petrochemical, education, embed, environment, quality, industry, management, petrochemical, sustainability.


Affliation: Faculty - Climate Change,
Bihar Institute of Public Administration & Rural Development, (BIPARD),
Walmi Campus, Patna, Bihar/ Kushidharah, Gaya, Bihar, India

IYER Vijayan Gurumurthy, b. 10 June  1964, Mayuram, India. Professional Engineer and Doctor and Proprietor of  Dr.Vijayan Gurumurthy Iyer Techno-Economic-Environmental Study and Check Consultancy Services , GSTIN/UIN : 33AIZPG9735D1ZW, m. Shanthi. s. Venkatramanan, Education: Diploma, Mechanical Engineering, 1982; Diploma, Production Management, Annamalai University, 1988; Post Diploma, Automobile Engineering, Victoria Jubilee Technical Institute, Mumbai, 1992; AMIE, Mechanical Engineering, Institution of Engineers, India, 1990; Bachelor’s General Law , B.G.L., Annamalai University, 1993, Master’s, 1997, PhD, 2003, Environmental Science and Engineering, Indian School of Mines University, Dhanbad; Post-doctoral Researcher, World Scientific and Engineering Academy and Society, Greece, 2006; Post-doctoral Elaborated & SI , World Scientific and Engineering Academy and Society, Greece, 2011; Doctorate of Science and Engineering, 2010; Doctorate of Letters, 2017, Doctorate of Law , 2011, The Yorker International University, Italy, 2011, Honorary Doctorate of Literature, 2017; Master of Arts, 2014 , International Biographical Centre, Cambridge, Great Britain; Master Diploma with honour in Literature, 2012; The Letter of the Law, World Academy of Letters, ABI, 2010. Appointments: Supervisor , Indo-Matsushita Carbon Company Limited , Tada , ACE CBE, 1982-; Technical Officer, Indian Council of Agricultural Research Service, Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Bhopal, 1985-; Central Institute for Research on Cotton Technology, -1998; Professor, Hindustan College of Engineering, Rajalakshmi Engineering College, MNM Jain Engineering College; Professor, Dr M G R University, Chennai, -2006; Principal, Prince Dr K Vasudevan College of Engineering and Technology, Chennai, -2011;Diploma in Entrepreneurship and Business Management  Counsellor and Co-ordinator , Entrepreneurship Development Institute of India,2007-;  Professor Haramaya University,  Ethiopia, East Africa, 2014-; Prof. in Civil Engg. and Dean  , Narasaraopeta Engineering College Affiliated to Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University-K,-2017; Professor, KLEF University , Vadeswaram, -2018; Principal on Ad hoc , Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) Integrated Technical Institute, Chennai, 2019; P.E. , ECI 2020.Guest Lecturer University of Madras. Principal , Arunai Engineering College -2022. Publications and Praxis: Over 362 SCI / ISI indexed publications, 60 multiligual eBooks , Index Scopus(16),Sabinet(65), and Web of Science (WoS)(30) indexed publications of high quality in the last thirty years in the field of environmental science and mechanical engineering and education, impaction , 60 in journals, 103 chapters, 100 digital flip books ISSUU and SCRIBD, Editor of fifteen Books  series . Over 2000 citations; Over 600 citation indexed database in CPCI, Web of Science, Scopus, Index Copernicus; Worldcat; ; h.index 50;  Plenary Invited Lectures in  Shanghai ,  Keynote Speaker-I, China-Beijing Municipality, 2021-; .Athens- Gr.; Bangkok-Thailand; Haramaya, East Africa. Editorial Board Member & Reviewer: DStech Publications Inc., Atlantis Press-Springer Nature ,World Jounral of Textile Engineering and Technology, IOPScience Publishing ,  Journal of Environmental and Waste Management, David Publishing Company, World Scientific Engineering Academy and Society(WSEAS) publications and American Society for Agricultural and Biological Engineers Journals, Honours: Kendriya Sachivalaya Hindi Parishad, 1988; Bharat Jyothi, 2000; Prominent citizens of India and Best Citizen of India, 2001; Rashtriya Ratna, 2001; NCERT Special Education Award, 2003; Rashtriya Gaurav, 2004, 2010; Tamil Nadu Government Best Environmental Research Essay Award, 2005; PDF Award, 2006; Reviewer ASDF, Sr.Reviewer Sina,World Biographical Hall of Fame, Dictionary of International Biography, 2012, 2000 Intellectuals of the 21st Century, 2011; Great Minds of the 21st Century, 2012; Enlistee in Marquis Who’s Who LLC in Asia,2007, 1 st Edition ; Who’s Who in Asia,2012, 2 nd Ed;  Who’s Who in Science and Engineering -2016-2017,12 th Ed; Who’s Who in Science and Engineering -2011-2012, 11 th Ed; Who’s Who in the World- 2016 , 33 rd Ed;, -2015, 33 nd Ed; - 2014 , 31 st Ed; - 2013, 30 th Ed; - 2012, 29 th Ed; - 2011,28 th Ed.; - 2010, 27 th Ed.; - 2009,26 th Ed;  -2008, 25 th Ed, Who was Who in America 1985-Present , Registered Valuer Plant and Machineries; Competent Person under Factories Act, Registered Engineer Grade-I/Licensed Surveyor Class-I Greater Chennai Corporation, Chartered  Engineer, Licensed Surveyor, Arbitration Engineer, Professional Engineer. Memberships: International Society of Development and Sustainability; American Assn. for the Advancement of Science, Indian Society for Technical Education; Aeronautical Society of India; Bioinformatics Institute of India; Mining Engineers’ Association of India; Assn. of Scientists, Developers and Faculties. Indian Society for Training and Development; Fellow: Institution of Engineers, India; Institution of Valuers, India; Textile Assn, India; All India Management Assn, International Society for Research and Dev. , Bioinfo Publications, American Chemical Society. Address: A-2/31 III Floor, Kendriya Vihar 2, Poovai Road,Paruthipattu,Avadi,Chennai-71,India, M: +919444812401 Telephone:+914429560473 ,